Black Skin Disease, also known as Alpocia X, is a horrible affliction that is affecting a large majority of pomeranians. Currently there is no test for this. That makes it even harder to try to 'breed it out' of the breed. There are many things we now know about the disease, but many things we do not know as well. Much of what is posted on the net is speculation, hypothosis', and opinioins. When you want answers, its hard to find any real facts since so many seem to differ on their personal experiences with the disease and differ in opinions greatly and argumenitivley. Because there is not test available to breeders, this disease has unkowingly and unitentionally been woven so deeply into the pomeranian breed it seems to affect all breeders at asome time in their breeding programs. It is difficult to avoid BSD in a bloodline since it may not show in the lines for up to 6 years later after the original carriers have produced possibly several generations by that the time it is discovered it was in the lines. At that time, those produced may have produced several litters, and those several more. Essentially by the time one knows BSD is in their bloodlines, 3 or more generations may be in other breeding programs, not showing symptoms, but producing carriers. Many carriers will not show any symptoms themselves but may produce affected dogs. This is a very difficult health concern for teh pomeranians breed.
What is it?? The Facts
Black skin disease is a condition that causes hair loss in Pomeranians.
It can affect pomeranians ages 1-6 years of age. It can come on suddenly.
It is often reffered to as Alopecia X meaning -hair loss for no known medical reason.
Dogs are diagnosed with this when other things such as thyroid, and cushings tests come out negative.
It cause dogs to lose fur mostly on the saddle area, hind quarters, and tail.
Fur usually remains on face and legs.
It dos not cuase health issues, it appears to be simply a cosmetic condition.
There is no tests as of yet, to test dogs for BSD.
There is no tangible or guaranteed way for breeders to avoid producing this disease despite their best efforts
Its seem to affect males more often then females..
There is no known 100% effective treatment or cure at this time .
What is it?? The arguments, hypothosis, and opinions
Some believe both parents must be carriers.
Some blieve it may be passed on from just one carrier/parent.
Some believe if a puppy has a cottony baby coat, and does not go through a proper puppy shed (uglies) it will be affected with BSD.
Some however have expressed they have had puppies who went through a complete puppy shed who were still affected with BSD.
Some argue it is a hormone imbalance, while some maintain it is not.
There are many great articles written on this subject. Here are a few I found helpful.